Puerto de la Cruz is situated on the coast of the Orotava Valley, on the north-facing slopes of the Island of Tenerife, the largest island in the Canaries.
This Atlantic archipelago, lying 100 kms from Africa and 1,500 kms from the Iberian Peninsula, was known in Antiquity as the “Garden of the Hesperides” or “the Fortunate Isles”. Geologically speaking, they were formed in the Tertiary, emerging from the sea-bed as a result of a series of volcanic eruptions.
The Orotava Valley is a large depression of some 150 sq kilometres which descends as a steeply sloping ramp from the Island’s mountain ridge to the Atlantic.
The coast at Puerto de la Cruz , as in much of the north of Tenerife, drops vertically into the sea, especially around the areas of Punta Brava and Martiánez. The geographic location is what determines the town’s benign climate.
Its climate, steady and temperate throughout the year, with little fluctuation between maximum and minimum temperatures. I This phenomenon is the result of the confluence of a series of natural factors arising from its proximity to the Tropic of Cancer.
Statistics show that Puerto de la Cruz has more than 1,900 hours of sun a year. Its steppe climate is characterised by the fact that it maintains relatively high temperatures, with little variation, throughout the year, and which fluctuate between a maximum of 22 degrees Centigrade and a minimum of 15, with an annual average of 18 degrees. The relative humidity is around 75 per cent. Annual rainfall is barely 460 mm, spread over an average 75 rainy days per year.